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Bogleheads® wiki
- Investing Advice Inspired by John Bogle


John Bogle at BH16.jpg
John Bogle
(1929 - 2019)
Forum posts
Welcome to the Bogleheads® wiki, a collaborative undertaking by members of the Bogleheads Community. This wiki is a reference resource for investors. Bogleheads emphasize starting early, living below one's means, regular saving, broad diversification, and sticking to one's investment plan.

If all this seems a bit overwhelming, relax and don't panic. A good place to begin is getting started (or getting started for non-US investors). Returning visitors may be interested in our new pages.

Getting started

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Today's featured article

A three-fund portfolio is a portfolio which does not slice and dice, but uses only basic asset classes — usually a domestic stock "total market" index fund, an international stock "total market" index fund and a bond "total market" index fund. It is often recommended for and by Bogleheads attracted by "the majesty of simplicity" (Bogle's phrase), and for those who want finer control and better tax-efficiency than they would get in an all-in-one fund like a target retirement fund.

There is no magic in the number three; the phrase is shorthand for a style of portfolio construction that emphasizes simplicity, and is related to lazy portfolios. (more...)

This week in financial history

July 27:

  • 1694 - The Royal Charter was sealed establishing the Bank of England on July 27, 1694. Source:Timeline: Bank of England
  • 1866 - The opening of Cyrus W. Field's Atlantic Cable led to inauguration of arbitrage in which brokers profited by price differences between New York and London markets for U.S. shares.(Source)

July 28:

  • 1971 - Wells Fargo launched the worlds first stock-index fund with $6 million from the pension fund of Samsonite Corp. Source:Peter L. Bernstein, Capital Ideas: The Improbable Origins of Modern Wall Street (Free Press, New York, 1992), p. 247.
  • 1990 - The Ho Chi Minh City Stock exchange officially starts trading. Source: Ho Chi Minh Stock Exchange (Vietnamese) (Google Translate)

July 30:

  • 1965 - The Social Security Amendments of 1965 was signed into law, establishing Medicaid and Medicare in the United States. Source: Legislative history
  • 2002 - The Sarbanes-Oxley Act was signed into law. The Act mandated a number of reforms to enhance corporate responsibility, enhance financial disclosures and combat corporate and accounting fraud, and created the "Public Company Accounting Oversight Board" to oversee the activities of the auditing profession. (Source)

July 31:

  • 1914 - The outbreak of World War I in Europe forced the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) to shut its doors on July 31, 1914 after large numbers of foreign investors began selling their holdings in hopes of raising money for the war effort. Trading did not resume until December 1914. Source: Business history of bonds
  • 2013 - US Treasury auctions: The Uniform Offering Circular (UOC) was amended to accommodate the auction and issuance of Floating Rate Notes (FRNs). Source: Timeline of U.S. Treasury Auctions

August 1:

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Use the wiki's Search box. Or, start from a top-level overview using Site navigation. A complete article list is also available.

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Our Canadian sister site, Financial Wisdom Forum, and its finiki, the Canadian financial wiki has a similar focus, many like-minded members, and may be of interest as well.

We also have a sister site in Spain, Bogleheads® España (en español).

Contributing to the wiki

Anyone can read the wiki. If you would like to edit it, you must first join the Bogleheads forum. Once you've joined, send a private message requesting access, and you can then become an editor. Information on editing the wiki is available on the left sidebar of every wiki page. Suggestions are welcome by posting in Suggestions for the Wiki.

If you see content in need of improvement, or a new page on a topic not yet covered, consider becoming an editor so that you can contribute to the site. If you find yourself writing a reply to a forum question that's been discussed a number of times before, consider creating a wiki page with the answer. Then you and others can reply to subsequent questions on that topic with a link and a quote of your text. That way, the Bogleheads Community both preserves our knowledge base and makes it more accessible, particularly to those using search engines.