(1929 - 2019)
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An index fund is a fund that pools investors capital for the purpose of investing in securities, typically a mutual fund or exchange-traded fund (ETF), that aims to replicate the movements of an index of a specific financial market.
A well-managed index fund provides investors with a simple way to access such advantages as low costs, improved tax efficiency, style consistency and reduced manager risk. Investors should be mindful that not all index funds are low cost and that some indexes can be exploited by active investors when the indexes periodically reconstitute.
The key measure for accessing an index fund's efficiency is how well it tracks its benchmark index. (more...)
This week in financial history
- 1983 - The Washington Public Power Supply System (WPPSS) made one of the largest municipal bond defaults (2.25 billion dollars) in U.S financial history on August 19, 1983. A 1988 settlement rendered some investors 40 cents on every dollar invested; other investors received 10 cents on the dollar. Sources: Bank asks Debt Payoff, NY Times; Washington Public Power Supply System (WPPSS), HistoryLink.org
- 1996 - The Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 enacted the creation of the Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees Individual Retirement Account (SIMPLE), a contributory retirement plan for US small business employees. The Act (in Sec. 1806) also exempted a qualified State tuition program from taxation. These qualified tuition programs were to be called 529 plans, because 529 is the section of the Internal Revenue Code that governs their operation.
- 1890 - The Brazilian Stock Exchange, the Bolsa de Valores de São Paulo (São Paulo Stock Exchange), was founded on August 23, 1890 by Emilio Rangel Pestana. Source: FMI3560-01 Brazilian Stock Exchange
- 1857 - The failure of the New York branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company precipitated the Panic of 1857 Source:Panic of 1857
- 1927 - Harry M. Markowitz, a 1990 winner of the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel and one of the creators of Modern Portfolio Theory, was born in Chicago, Illinois. Source:Harry M. Markowitz - Facts
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