The bottom line is this:
For in-town usage, EVs win because:
- Charge at home overnight at off-peak electric rates. Super cheap.
- Convenience of never going to a gas station
- Regenerative braking boosts/increases EV efficiency
- most ICE cars get poorer fuel economy in the city
For road trip usage, ICE wins because:
- ICE vehicle MPG is almost always higher on the highway
- ICE vehicle range is probably 2X that of an EV (see comment re: highway MPG)
- Gas stations are way more abundant than fast EV charging locations, at least for now
- EV battery usage is greater on the highway (higher speeds, aero drag, no regenerative braking)
- Fast DC charging locations typically "charge" 2X or more for juice compared to residential off-peak rates
- Fast DC charging is still a lot slower than pumping gas (in terms of added miles of range per hour)
For most folks, myself included, EVs are better because I'm in town way more than I'm on the road. For others who spend a lot of time road tripping, ICE is probably a better choice.
Disclaimer: I've owned a Tesla Model 3 for a little under 2 years. Here's my original thread: