TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 / 2016 Graph

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#Cruncher
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TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 / 2016 Graph

Post by #Cruncher » Sat Dec 17, 2011 1:35 pm

(Edit 12/31/2016: see post below for update through 2016.)
(Edit 12/21/2013: see post below for update through 2013.)
(Edit 12/21/2012: see post below for update through 2012.)

With last Thursday's auction the Treasury has completed its monthly TIPS auctions for 2011. $135b of 5, 10, and 30 year bonds were issued; up from $88b in 2010; allaying fears the Treasury will terminate TIPS issuance.
Image
Of the $796b issued since 1997, $136b has matured, leaving $660b outstanding. Here is a link to an April post with a graph showing the outstanding amounts by maturity year: TIPS Maturing 2012 - 2041 Graph
Source: TIPS Auctions in Order of Issuance

Edit: 04/15/2012: changed domain in image and link URLs
Last edited by #Cruncher on Sat Dec 31, 2016 1:34 am, edited 4 times in total.

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baw703916
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Re: TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 Graph

Post by baw703916 » Sat Dec 17, 2011 2:16 pm

Mr. Market apparently wants to lend money to the government at a negative real interest rate (for 5 and 10 year TIPS).

Uncle Sam would be a fool not to take that offer. It actually reduces risk on the Treasury side, too. By selling 10 year nominal Treasuries at a yield of 1.8%, it's hypothetically possible that inflation could turn out to be less than that over ten years, so the government would end up paying a real positive return to the bondholders. With TIPS sold at a negative real yield, no such problem.

Brad
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Re: TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 Graph

Post by gabylon » Sat Dec 17, 2011 3:39 pm

baw703916 wrote:Mr. Market apparently wants to lend money to the government at a negative real interest rate (for 5 and 10 year TIPS).

Uncle Sam would be a fool not to take that offer. It actually reduces risk on the Treasury side, too. By selling 10 year nominal Treasuries at a yield of 1.8%, it's hypothetically possible that inflation could turn out to be less than that over ten years, so the government would end up paying a real positive return to the bondholders. With TIPS sold at a negative real yield, no such problem.

Brad

Hi Brad. Have you considered the opposite hypothetical possibility? That inflation turns out to be higher than the 1.8% minus the negative real interest rate, so the government ends up paying more nominal dollars for the TIPS than for the nominals?

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Re: TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 Graph

Post by baw703916 » Sat Dec 17, 2011 4:59 pm

gabylon wrote:Hi Brad. Have you considered the opposite hypothetical possibility? That inflation turns out to be higher than the 1.8% minus the negative real interest rate, so the government ends up paying more nominal dollars for the TIPS than for the nominals?


That's true, it's quite likely that the real returns on both nominal Treasuries and TIPS will be negative. But only for TIPS is the government guaranteed to come out ahead . The only exception would be if the next ten years are so deflationary that the limitation that TIPS at maturity must be worth at least their par value comes into play. Say if the real yield in -0.15% and the annualized inflation rate over 10 years is -0.5%. But, 10 years of sustained deflation would cause a lot of bigger things to happen than just 10 year TIPS ending up with positive real returns.

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Re: TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 Graph

Post by gabylon » Sat Dec 17, 2011 5:36 pm

baw703916 wrote:...But only for TIPS is the government guaranteed to come out ahead . The only exception would be if the next ten years are so deflationary that the limitation that TIPS at maturity must be worth at least their par value comes into play.

Mmm, I believe that in my example above the government comes out ahead with nominals. Isn't paying less dollars (whatever their real value) coming out ahead? :wink:

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Re: TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 Graph

Post by baw703916 » Sat Dec 17, 2011 6:04 pm

gabylon wrote:
baw703916 wrote:...But only for TIPS is the government guaranteed to come out ahead . The only exception would be if the next ten years are so deflationary that the limitation that TIPS at maturity must be worth at least their par value comes into play.

Mmm, I believe that in my example above the government comes out ahead with nominals. Isn't paying less dollars (whatever their real value) coming out ahead? :wink:


OK, I had meant "ahead" in an absolute sense, meaning does the government get to borrow money at a negative real interest rate? You referred to whether the government ends up better off by selling TIPS or selling nominals.

Yes, if intlation is greater than about 2% over the next ten years, the government will end up better off selling nominals than TIPS. But, the government has a higher probability of paying a positive interest rate by issuing nominals than by issuing TIPS. They will pay a positive real yield on 10 year nominals if the inflation rate over the next ten years is < 1.85%. For 10 year TIPS, it would have to be <-0.11% for them to pay a positive real interest rate.
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TIPS Issued 1997 - 2012 Graph

Post by #Cruncher » Fri Dec 21, 2012 9:32 pm

This week the Treasury completed its twelve monthly TIPS auctions for 2012; issuing $150 billion of 5, 10, and 30 year bonds; up from $135 billion in 2011. 10-year TIPS continue to be most popular with $82 billion issued in six auctions, compared to $44 billion of 5-year and $23 billion of 30-year each in three auctions.
Image

Of the $946 billion of face value issued since 1997, $182 billion has matured, leaving $764 billion outstanding. The table below shows (in $ millions) the face value along with the additional value due to the CPI inflation adjustment to principal and the premium due to market prices being above par:

Code: Select all

              CPI        Market        Total
  Face     Principal     Price        Market
  Value   Adjustment    Premium        Value
-------     -------    --------    ----------
182,068      38,740         -         220,808  Matured thru 2012
764,126      86,172     167,433     1,017,731  Outstanding Jan 1, 2013
-------     -------    --------    ----------
946,195     124,912     167,433     1,238,539  Total

The graph below breaks down the outstanding TIPS by a maturity year. The overall bar height represents the total market value of TIPS maturing each year. Broad market TIPS index funds like the iShares TIP ETF will hold TIPS in these proportions (except they omit the ones maturing in 2013). Short term TIPS index funds like the Vanguard VTIP ETF will hold in proportion to the market values of the ones maturing in 2013 - 2017.
Image

And here is the total market value maturing each year by term:
Image

And here is the total market value maturing each year by month:
Image
Sources:
TIPS Auctions in Order of Issuance
WSJ TIPS Prices 12/21/2012

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TIPS Issued 1997 - 2013 Graph

Post by #Cruncher » Sat Dec 21, 2013 11:02 pm

This week the Treasury completed its twelve monthly TIPS auctions for 2013, issuing $155 billion of 5, 10, and 30 year bonds, up slightly from $150 billion in 2012. 10-year TIPS continue to be most popular with $82 billion issued in six auctions, compared to $50 billion of 5-year and $23 billion of 30-year in three auctions each.
Image

Of the $1,101 billion of face value issued since 1997, $217 billion has matured, leaving $884 billion outstanding. The table below shows (in $ millions) the face value along with the additional value due to the CPI inflation adjustment to principal and the premium due to market prices being (in total) above par:

Code: Select all

                  CPI        Market        Total
      Face     Principal     Price        Market
      Value   Adjustment    Premium        Value
    -------     -------    --------    ----------
    217,068      45,486           -       262,554  Matured thru 2013
    884,127      89,512      55,785     1,029,425  Outstanding Jan 1, 2014
    -------     -------    --------    ----------
  1,101,195     134,998      55,785     1,291,979  Total

The graph below breaks down the $1,029 billion market value of outstanding TIPS by a maturity year. Broad market TIPS index funds like the iShares TIP ETF will hold TIPS in these proportions (except they omit the ones maturing in 2014). Short term TIPS index funds like the Vanguard VTIP ETF will hold in proportion to the market values of the ones maturing in 2014 - 2018.
Image

Sources: TIPS Auctions in Order of Issuance -- WSJ TIPS Prices 12/20/2013

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Re: TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 / 2013 Graph

Post by Cash » Sun Dec 22, 2013 8:24 pm

Interesting to see the issuances over time...especially the past few years. Thanks for sharing!

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Re: TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 / 2013 Graph

Post by ofcmetz » Mon Dec 23, 2013 12:07 pm

Thanks #Cruncher for such an informative thread update. I find your data fascinating and appreciate the time you take to update us.

Merry Christmas

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Re: TIPS Issued 1997 - 2011 / 2013 Graph

Post by 500Kaiser » Wed Jan 01, 2014 7:41 pm

Thanks for putting together and posting your annual update. I especially appreciate the graphical view of what the broad based indexes are likely to be holding. Knowing (and understanding) what is under the hood is vital.
Higher risk = higher HOPEFUL returns, not expected returns.

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Re: TIPS Issued 1997 - 2016 Graph

Post by #Cruncher » Sat Dec 31, 2016 1:26 am

This month the Treasury completed its twelve monthly TIPS auctions for 2016, issuing $145 billion of 5, 10, and 30 year bonds, down from $155 billion in 2015. 10-year TIPS (maturing Jan 15 & July 15 2026) continue to be most popular with $79 billion issued in six auctions, compared to $45 billion of 5-year (maturing April 15 2021) and $20 billion of 30-year (maturing Feb 2046) in three auctions each. Here is a graph of each maturity issued since the first issuance in 1997.
Image

Of the $1,556 billion of face value issued since 1997, $405 billion has matured, leaving $1,151 billion outstanding. The table below shows (in $ millions) the face value along with the additional value due to the CPI inflation adjustment to principal and the premium due to market prices being (in total) above par:

Code: Select all

                  CPI        Market        Total
      Face     Principal     Price        Market
      Value   Adjustment    Premium        Value
    -------     -------    --------    ----------
    404,947      77,502           -       482,450  Matured thru 2016
  1,150,947      96,678      57,883     1,305,508  Outstanding Jan 1, 2017
    -------     -------    --------    ----------
  1,555,894     174,180      57,883     1,787,958  Total

The drop in TIPS prices during the 2008 financial crisis is often partly attributed to a lack of liquidity. As shown in the table below, at the end of 2016 about 2.5 times as much face value of TIPS is outstanding as at the end of 2008. This should make them more liquid now.

Code: Select all

          --- Face Value ($000,000) ---
 Year     Issued   Matured  Outstanding

Code: Select all

 1997     32,568                 32,568 
 1998     33,615                 66,184
 1999     30,618                 96,802
 2000     16,319                113,121
 2001     16,000                129,121
 2002     23,010   (16,813)     135,319
 2003     26,000                161,319
 2004     63,000                224,319
 2005     69,000                293,319
 2006     77,181                370,500
 2007     65,013   (15,756)     419,757
 2008     62,021   (16,809)     464,969
 2009     59,375   (15,899)     508,445
 2010     87,760   (39,319)     556,886
 2011    134,872   (31,181)     660,577
 2012    149,841   (46,292)     764,126
 2013    155,000   (35,000)     884,127
 2014    155,030   (55,277)     983,880
 2015    155,066   (57,235)   1,081,711
 2016    144,603   (75,367)   1,150,947
       ---------  ---------
Total  1,555,894  (404,947)

The graph below breaks down the $1,306 billion market value of currently outstanding TIPS by maturity year.
Image.

Sources: TIPS Auctions in Order of Issuance -- WSJ TIPS Prices 12/30/2016

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