Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

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sambb
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by sambb » Thu Jul 12, 2018 5:23 am

thank you to Apple, google, amazon for paying off my mortgage. Thanks to those companies!

book lover
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by book lover » Thu Jul 12, 2018 7:31 am

Pareto principle.

turkman
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by turkman » Thu Jul 12, 2018 7:33 am

Boy, if this fact doesnt speak to why Jack Bogle is right about not picking individual stocks and buying the market as whole, I dont know what would!

3funder
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by 3funder » Thu Jul 12, 2018 7:35 am

In a vacuum, it's disturbing. Approximately 50% of my equity allocation is international, so I'm not terribly concerned, though.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by Valuethinker » Thu Jul 12, 2018 9:56 am

HenrySouthernCal wrote:
Thu Jul 12, 2018 12:05 am
The stock price of Netflix is quite mystery to me. From value investor point of view, the company financial is quite garbage with regard to its near 300 P/E ratio, 15+ years after IPO, still negative free cash flow, still heavy in debt and depends on borrowing for growth instead of internal cash flow. Its bond rating is several notches in junk territory. At peak growth mid 1990s time, Microsoft had 40% revenue growth, 40% net profit margin and zero debt, only had P/E ratio of 50. I don't understand what justify Netflix that kind of valuation. I don't know why wall street is so crazy about the company, maybe we now no longer have high quality growth companies like Microsoft, Cisco, Intel and Dell in mid 90s any more.
Analogy to the cellular stocks in the early 90s.

It's a per subscriber valuation. In a steady state they probably generate a lot of free cash flow.

Probably the market underestimates subscriber churn and customer acquisition costs as competition intensifies. The cost of new content keeps escalating and Apple Amazon Disney all have deep pockets.

But I would guess the valuation, such as it is, is based on discounted cash flow analysis per subscriber. And the mirrors historic cable company valuations, and Netflix appears to be eating their lunch.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by KyleAAA » Thu Jul 12, 2018 12:00 pm

HenrySouthernCal wrote:
Thu Jul 12, 2018 12:05 am
The stock price of Netflix is quite mystery to me. From value investor point of view, the company financial is quite garbage with regard to its near 300 P/E ratio, 15+ years after IPO, still negative free cash flow, still heavy in debt and depends on borrowing for growth instead of internal cash flow. Its bond rating is several notches in junk territory. At peak growth mid 1990s time, Microsoft had 40% revenue growth, 40% net profit margin and zero debt, only had P/E ratio of 50. I don't understand what justify Netflix that kind of valuation. I don't know why wall street is so crazy about the company, maybe we now no longer have high quality growth companies like Microsoft, Cisco, Intel and Dell in mid 90s any more.
I suspect Microsoft and Facebook will match that definition for the foreseeable future. Amazon as well even though they reinvest everything.

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nedsaid
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by nedsaid » Thu Jul 12, 2018 12:17 pm

Index Fan wrote:
Wed Jul 11, 2018 4:29 pm
jminv wrote:
Tue Jul 10, 2018 4:15 pm
Historically, the majority of gains come from a small number of stocks so this isn't surprising. In addition, gains occur on a small number of days. Combined, that's a good reason to hold the market index and forget.
Excellent observation. Wish I could upvote this.
There is always a subset of stocks that generate most of the gains. Problem is we don't know in advance which subset that would be. For example, there was a time when energy stocks got to have a bigger than normal percentage of the market cap of the S&P 500. My guess is that this happened during the 1970's. During the 1990's, it was the Tech sector that got to have an outsized share of the S&P 500 market cap.
A fool and his money are good for business.

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zonto
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by zonto » Fri Jul 13, 2018 6:17 am

I thought this article was informative and thought I’d share: http://awealthofcommonsense.com/2018/07 ... ck-market/
“Diversification is about accepting good enough while missing out on great but avoiding terrible.” - Ben Carlson

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by letsgobobby » Fri Jul 13, 2018 12:12 pm

zonto wrote:
Fri Jul 13, 2018 6:17 am
I thought this article was informative and thought I’d share: http://awealthofcommonsense.com/2018/07 ... ck-market/
Thanks for posting as this answers some of my questions.

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knpstr
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by knpstr » Fri Jul 13, 2018 12:23 pm

Noise.
Very little is needed to make a happy life; it is all within yourself, in your way of thinking. -Marcus Aurelius

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Rowan Oak
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by Rowan Oak » Fri Jul 13, 2018 12:29 pm

Concentration in the Stock Market
Posted July 12, 2018 by Ben Carlson

http://awealthofcommonsense.com/2018/07 ... ck-market/
Data from Hendrik Bessembinder showed that from 1926 to 2015:

Less than half of all monthly stock returns in the U.S. are larger than the one-month Treasury bill rates (meaning most stocks don’t outperform cash).

Just 42.1% of stocks have a lifetime return greater than T-bill returns while half deliver negative lifetime returns.

Over half the wealth created in the stock market came from the 86 top-performing stocks, around 0.33% of the total.
“If you can get good at destroying your own wrong ideas, that is a great gift.” – Charlie Munger

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by bert09 » Fri Jul 13, 2018 12:48 pm

HenrySouthernCal wrote:
Thu Jul 12, 2018 12:05 am
The stock price of Netflix is quite mystery to me. From value investor point of view, the company financial is quite garbage with regard to its near 300 P/E ratio, 15+ years after IPO, still negative free cash flow, still heavy in debt and depends on borrowing for growth instead of internal cash flow. Its bond rating is several notches in junk territory. At peak growth mid 1990s time, Microsoft had 40% revenue growth, 40% net profit margin and zero debt, only had P/E ratio of 50. I don't understand what justify Netflix that kind of valuation. I don't know why wall street is so crazy about the company, maybe we now no longer have high quality growth companies like Microsoft, Cisco, Intel and Dell in mid 90s any more.
The short answer is people care more about # of users + volume of user data more than financials. Your point gets referenced a lot whenever someone is making the case for there being a bubble in the Silicon Valley/VC/startup space.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by CULater » Fri Jul 13, 2018 3:28 pm

So, this thread is misleading because it implies that you would have missed out on market gains except for these six maga-stocks. But these weren't the only stocks that have done well in 2018; they're just the ones that accounted for most of the wealth created in the stock market. The SPEE has gone up by about 5%. Small cap has gone up about 10%, midcaps by 6% and microcaps by 13%. So, you would have done just fine by not owning the SPEE and these six stocks had you owned something other than a large cap index fund, which many "tilters" do. It's really sort of pointless to point out that the largest stocks in a cap-weighted large cap index accounted for most of the returns - that's sorta the way it is pretty much all the time because of mathematics.
May you have the hindsight to know where you've been, The foresight to know where you're going, And the insight to know when you've gone too far. ~ Irish Blessing

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by letsgobobby » Fri Jul 13, 2018 3:53 pm

CULater wrote:
Fri Jul 13, 2018 3:28 pm
So, this thread is misleading because it implies that you would have missed out on market gains except for these six maga-stocks. But these weren't the only stocks that have done well in 2018; they're just the ones that accounted for most of the wealth created in the stock market. The SPEE has gone up by about 5%. Small cap has gone up about 10%, midcaps by 6% and microcaps by 13%. So, you would have done just fine by not owning the SPEE and these six stocks had you owned something other than a large cap index fund, which many "tilters" do. It's really sort of pointless to point out that the largest stocks in a cap-weighted large cap index accounted for most of the returns - that's sorta the way it is pretty much all the time because of mathematics.
I agree, but consider that removed stocks subsequently outperform the S&P and added stocks underperform:

http://theconservativeincomeinvestor.co ... he-sp-500/

If that is true, then the point I’m making is aren’t stocks dominant in their size, valuation, and influence at risk of underperforming going forward? If six stocks based on market weight and their returns have accounted for nearly all of the net gains of an index, is there more room for them to run? By definition they’re typically growth stocks, very expensive, and very influential; aren’t they then more likely to underperform, and have an outsized drag effect on the index? Since different sectors and different stocks take turns leading the market, at some point the leaders have already led and are destined to trail going forward?

Of course it’s hard to know the when, even if you think you know the what.

But I’m reminded of a quote attributed to Warren Buffett in the late 1990s, though I can’t find any source to confirm it:

“The entire US economy is now dependent on the fate of the stock market, which itself is dependent on the fate of fifty stocks.”

Smart guy.

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Riprap
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by Riprap » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:45 pm

wolf359 wrote:
Wed Jul 11, 2018 9:56 am
Also known as the Pareto Principle.
Well...I had to Google that one. Funny how you can get completely sidetracked for 30 minutes. At least I learned something new. :beer

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willthrill81
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by willthrill81 » Fri Jul 13, 2018 9:19 pm

letsgobobby wrote:
Fri Jul 13, 2018 3:53 pm
CULater wrote:
Fri Jul 13, 2018 3:28 pm
So, this thread is misleading because it implies that you would have missed out on market gains except for these six maga-stocks. But these weren't the only stocks that have done well in 2018; they're just the ones that accounted for most of the wealth created in the stock market. The SPEE has gone up by about 5%. Small cap has gone up about 10%, midcaps by 6% and microcaps by 13%. So, you would have done just fine by not owning the SPEE and these six stocks had you owned something other than a large cap index fund, which many "tilters" do. It's really sort of pointless to point out that the largest stocks in a cap-weighted large cap index accounted for most of the returns - that's sorta the way it is pretty much all the time because of mathematics.
I agree, but consider that removed stocks subsequently outperform the S&P and added stocks underperform:

http://theconservativeincomeinvestor.co ... he-sp-500/

If that is true, then the point I’m making is aren’t stocks dominant in their size, valuation, and influence at risk of underperforming going forward? If six stocks based on market weight and their returns have accounted for nearly all of the net gains of an index, is there more room for them to run? By definition they’re typically growth stocks, very expensive, and very influential; aren’t they then more likely to underperform, and have an outsized drag effect on the index? Since different sectors and different stocks take turns leading the market, at some point the leaders have already led and are destined to trail going forward?
I haven't seen a study about it, but I've heard Meb Faber say that based on data from global markets, the firm with the highest market cap in a cap-weighted index tends to underperform that index significantly going forward.

What you suggest is more or less an argument in favor of the 'incumbents' curse', a long-standing but now controversial theory.
“It's a dangerous business, Frodo, going out your door. You step onto the road, and if you don't keep your feet, there's no knowing where you might be swept off to.” J.R.R. Tolkien,The Lord of the Rings

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by jbranx » Sat Jul 14, 2018 2:41 pm

Here's S&P's summary out today of the contributors and detractors from returns year to date thru July 13. IT prevails but its contribution percentage is down. Amazon alone is responsible for nearly 19% of the total return. Interesting to note that the "detractors" are made up of some of the issues that historically provided the greatest returns to the 500: AT&T and the babies, Philip Morris, Altria, GE, P&G, 3M etc.

YTD information tech still dominates, but its contribution is down.

Contributors:

Amazon--18.94%
Microsoft--12.11
Apple--10.24
Netflix--6.48
Facebook--5.63
Mastercard--3.92
Visa--3.58

Detractors:

AT&T-- -2.73%
JNJ--2.39
Philip Morris--2.39
GE--2.05
PG--2.05
Altria--1.71
Comcast--1.71

inbox788
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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by inbox788 » Sat Jul 14, 2018 2:52 pm

jbranx wrote:
Sat Jul 14, 2018 2:41 pm
Here's S&P's summary out today of the contributors and detractors from returns year to date thru July 13. IT prevails but its contribution percentage is down. Amazon alone is responsible for nearly 19% of the total return. Interesting to note that the "detractors" are made up of some of the issues that historically provided the greatest returns to the 500: AT&T and the babies, Philip Morris, Altria, GE, P&G, 3M etc.

YTD information tech still dominates, but its contribution is down.

Contributors:

Amazon--18.94%
Microsoft--12.11
Apple--10.24
Netflix--6.48
Facebook--5.63
Mastercard--3.92
Visa--3.58

Detractors:

AT&T-- -2.73%
JNJ--2.39
Philip Morris--2.39
GE--2.05
PG--2.05
Altria--1.71
Comcast--1.71
Interesting comparison and reminds me of the old fable about The Tortoise and the Hare. And it's a little surprising that older tech companies like Microsoft and Apple as well as financials Mastercard/Visa are right next to Amazon, Netflix and Facebook. I wonder if any of the latter three will suffer the same fate as the hare. It wouldn't surprise me too much if most of the "Detractors" performed along with the market in the long term.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by jbranx » Sat Jul 14, 2018 3:29 pm

inbox788 wrote:
Sat Jul 14, 2018 2:52 pm
jbranx wrote:
Sat Jul 14, 2018 2:41 pm
Here's S&P's summary out today of the contributors and detractors from returns year to date thru July 13. IT prevails but its contribution percentage is down. Amazon alone is responsible for nearly 19% of the total return. Interesting to note that the "detractors" are made up of some of the issues that historically provided the greatest returns to the 500: AT&T and the babies, Philip Morris, Altria, GE, P&G, 3M etc.

YTD information tech still dominates, but its contribution is down.

Contributors:

Amazon--18.94%
Microsoft--12.11
Apple--10.24
Netflix--6.48
Facebook--5.63
Mastercard--3.92
Visa--3.58

Detractors:

AT&T-- -2.73%
JNJ--2.39
Philip Morris--2.39
GE--2.05
PG--2.05
Altria--1.71
Comcast--1.71
Interesting comparison and reminds me of the old fable about The Tortoise and the Hare. And it's a little surprising that older tech companies like Microsoft and Apple as well as financials Mastercard/Visa are right next to Amazon, Netflix and Facebook. I wonder if any of the latter three will suffer the same fate as the hare. It wouldn't surprise me too much if most of the "Detractors" performed along with the market in the long term.
Yes, always fascinating--but probably useless--to know where the returns are coming from. Easy to be envious of the growth sector returns this year of something like 15%. However, those of us who merely do nothing but hold the index have done well: 5.86% total return through Friday. 3.03% of that all came in July in 13 days. And probably some day in the unknowable future the last shall be first again and value tilters will get the champagne, just like the small caps have done for the faithful and enduring ones ytd.

I can remember in the nineties that Dell Computer was the major contributor to the 500's return; ditto at one point Eaton Vance. Indexers need to be grateful that there are investors who believe Amazon is worth 228X P/E. Interesting, however, that Walmart, one of the all-time great contributors in capital growth and dividends to the 500, never sold at anything like a valuation that high as best as I recall.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by willthrill81 » Sat Jul 14, 2018 3:35 pm

jbranx wrote:
Sat Jul 14, 2018 3:29 pm
Indexers need to be grateful that there are investors who believe Amazon is worth 228X P/E. Interesting, however, that Walmart, one of the all-time great contributors in capital growth and dividends to the 500, never sold at anything like a valuation that high as best as I recall.
A big part of that is because when compared to Amazon, Wal-Mart had strong, consistent earnings all along the way, keeping valuations in check. Amazon has barely squeaked out a profit throughout their entire existence. Investors in Amazon are betting that earnings will eventually come down the pipeline in a big way.
“It's a dangerous business, Frodo, going out your door. You step onto the road, and if you don't keep your feet, there's no knowing where you might be swept off to.” J.R.R. Tolkien,The Lord of the Rings

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by drk » Sat Jul 14, 2018 3:49 pm

jbranx wrote:
Sat Jul 14, 2018 3:29 pm
Indexers need to be grateful that there are investors who believe Amazon is worth 228X P/E. Interesting, however, that Walmart, one of the all-time great contributors in capital growth and dividends to the 500, never sold at anything like a valuation that high as best as I recall.
I don't believe Walmart has ever had a wholly-owned subsidiary similar to AWS.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by jbranx » Sat Jul 14, 2018 3:58 pm

drk wrote:
Sat Jul 14, 2018 3:49 pm
jbranx wrote:
Sat Jul 14, 2018 3:29 pm
Indexers need to be grateful that there are investors who believe Amazon is worth 228X P/E. Interesting, however, that Walmart, one of the all-time great contributors in capital growth and dividends to the 500, never sold at anything like a valuation that high as best as I recall.
I don't believe Walmart has ever had a wholly-owned subsidiary similar to AWS.
I don't recall one but the entry into groceries was a biggie, contributing 50% of total revenue today.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by kagantx » Mon Jul 16, 2018 12:35 am

With Netflix and Amazon, I believe the idea is that they are positioned to dominate a huge industry. Bulls believe that Amazon will have a large market share of the retail industry and computer storage industries, and Netflix will dominate the TV and movie industry. If you consider the size of these markets, the price is justified under those assumptions. Of course, no one knows if those assumptions are correct.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by fennewaldaj » Mon Jul 16, 2018 1:40 am

kagantx wrote:
Mon Jul 16, 2018 12:35 am
With Netflix and Amazon, I believe the idea is that they are positioned to dominate a huge industry. Bulls believe that Amazon will have a large market share of the retail industry and computer storage industries, and Netflix will dominate the TV and movie industry. If you consider the size of these markets, the price is justified under those assumptions. Of course, no one knows if those assumptions are correct.
Right it is just hard for me to believe there is much upside there. They may dominate there industries making the current price is appropriate and thus they give reasonable returns as earnings come and P/Es go to more normal levels. However, if they don't meet expectations they have a long way to potentially fall. My understanding is Netflix is basically priced as if it will account for 50% of the entire TV industry in 10 years. That just doesn't seem very likely to me. The are even directly competing with Amazon in this area. In addition its hard for them to do much better than what they are already priced for.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by minimalistmarc » Mon Jul 16, 2018 1:46 am

fennewaldaj wrote:
Mon Jul 16, 2018 1:40 am
kagantx wrote:
Mon Jul 16, 2018 12:35 am
With Netflix and Amazon, I believe the idea is that they are positioned to dominate a huge industry. Bulls believe that Amazon will have a large market share of the retail industry and computer storage industries, and Netflix will dominate the TV and movie industry. If you consider the size of these markets, the price is justified under those assumptions. Of course, no one knows if those assumptions are correct.
Right it is just hard for me to believe there is much upside there. They may dominate there industries making the current price is appropriate and thus they give reasonable returns as earnings come and P/Es go to more normal levels. However, if they don't meet expectations they have a long way to potentially fall. My understanding is Netflix is basically priced as if it will account for 50% of the entire TV industry in 10 years. That just doesn't seem very likely to me. The are even directly competing with Amazon in this area. In addition its hard for them to do much better than what they are already priced for.
Your beliefs are not actionable.

Stop trying to believe or figure it out, just let the market do it for you

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by VaR » Mon Jul 16, 2018 6:19 am

fennewaldaj wrote:
Mon Jul 16, 2018 1:40 am
My understanding is Netflix is basically priced as if it will account for 50% of the entire TV industry in 10 years. That just doesn't seem very likely to me.
I agree that it is unlikely that Netflix will account for 50% of the entire TV industry in 10 years, but I suspect that the analysis that led to the conclusion that Netflix is priced to that level of market share is flawed.

But as @minimalistmarc says, that's neither here nor there. It's irrelevant information when you hold a market portfolio.

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Re: Six stocks make up 98% of S&P 500 gains in 2018

Post by ReformedSpender » Mon Jul 16, 2018 7:53 pm

Those stocks giveth and they can certainly taketh away too. Netflix down 14% after hours on missed earnings.

:beer
Market history shows that when there's economic blue sky, future returns are low, and when the economy is on the skids, future returns are high. The best fishing is done in the most stormy waters.

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